The 
Daguerreian Society


Two items for today, both related to the eventual "two partners in 
Boston."

On this day (November 28) in the year 1840, Albert Sands Southworth 
wrote his sister Nancy regarding his entry into the business of 
daguerreotypy:
- - - - - - -

                                    Cabotville, Nov. 28, 1840
Dear Sister --
   I am about going into company with two first-rate mechanics.  Mr. 
Pennell and myself think there is no other way for us to get along.  We 
shall probably leave Cabotville soon and go to Boston and Lowell.  
Perhaps we shall need the assistance of two or three females in our 
business.  And if we should and should go to Boston, I want you to come 
there for a while.  The labor is very light and neat.  You could do 
nothing easier.  It is a healthy business and Boston air is what you 
need.  But more of this hereafter.
                             Albert

(Cited from typed transcript of a manuscript that I believe (but am 
not, unfortunately, now entirely sure) to be in the collection of 
Matthew R. Isenburg.)
* * * * * * * *

From an illustrated article in the November 1934 issue of "Within the 
Compass of a Print Shop" (Boston, Holman's Print Shop, 1934). 

              JOSIAH JOHNSON HAWES
                 DAGUERREOTYPER
          NO. 5 1/2 TREMONT ROW, BOSTON

IT IS unlikely that there is in existence another collection of 
daguerreotype portraits as fine technically and as important for their 
subjects as that which will be on exhibition and sale during November, 
within the compass of our print shop.  Many a collector of Americana is 
familiar with the legend under engraved or lithographed portraits of 
figures of the middle of the last century which reads "From a 
daguerreotype by Southworth and Hawes."  Daguerreotypes that have been 
perfectly preserved are rare, though not valuable, large ones are rare, 
but "full plate" (6 1/2" x 8 1/2") daguerreotypes in good condition, of 
famous people, are decidedly important items both historically and from 
the collection point of view.
  The maker of those on exhibition, Josiah Johnson Hawes, when he died 
in 1901 was the oldest photographer in the United States, if not in the 
world.  He was born in East Sudbury, now Wayland, Massachusetts, in 
1808, where he grew up on a farm.  As a young man he came to Boston, 
where a natural aptitude for things mechanical and scientific drew him 
to such reading and study in these directions as the city afforded.  In 
1831 he and a friend, Paul Dodge, began a series of lectures on 
electricity with experiments which they delivered all over New England.
  His interests gradually changed and he took up the study of drawing 
and painting with the idea of taking up portrait painting 
professionally.  This he achieved, his work in oils having considerable 
power as evidenced by the self-portrait lent by the Hawes family to 
supplement the exhibition of his daguerreotypes.  The flat lighting of 
faces so common to daguerreotype portraits, made by men without Hawes' 
peculiar advantages, is rarely met with in this master photographer's 
work.  The importance of the period before 1841, when he made his 
living painting miniatures and full size portraits, can hardly be 
minimized in relation to the daguerreotypes.
  Quoting some autobiographical notes: "About this time the excitement 
of the discovery of the daguerreotype took place and some specimens of 
it that I saw [presumably brought here by Gouraud, Daguerre's personal 
agent] changed my course entirely.  I gave up painting and commenced 
daguerreotyping in 1841.  My partner, the late Albert Southworth, and 
myself carried on the business in Boston for the next twenty years, and 
had the reputation of making as fine daguerreotypes as were ever made 
by anybody.  Some were large ones, probably the largest ever made. . . 
.As I was the first in the business, I had the whole field before me."
  The Southworth and Hawes studio at 5 1/2 (later 19) Tremont Row, then 
a very desirable location, was the first one built in this country with 
a skylight.  To it came the prominent Bostonians of a time when local 
and national prominence were nearly the same thing, to pay on the 
average fifteen dollars for a single daguerreotype.  Important visitors 
to the city made a point of visiting what soon became one of the two or 
three leading daguerreotype firms in the country.
  Many developments in photography took place in the third story studio 
overlooking Scollay Square, both during the daguerreotype period and 
later.  One is certainly of sufficient interest to quote: "The somewhat 
celebrated combination of lenses called the Dallmeyer lens, I made and 
used fifteen years before it was known under its present name.  It was 
used for copying Allston's sketches on copper plates sufficiently 
silvered.  These plates were then engraved by John Cheney, following 
the lines of the daguerreotype."  The swing-back camera and the 
reflecting stereoscope were invented here and improvements in lenses 
were discussed with a friend, Alvan Clark, the famous telescope maker.
  The portrait of Mr. Hawes which we have used as a frontispiece, taken 
in his old age, suggests the vigor with which he carried on his 
business to the time of his death at the age of ninety-four.  After 
wet-plate photography, with its possibilities of limitless duplication, 
drove daguerreotyping from the field, the stream of important visitors 
to 19 Tremont Row continued for many years, but we doubt that with his 
artist's eye for a portrait J. J. Hawes ever got the satisfaction from 
any of the modern processes which he and others got from his 
daguerreotypes.  Late in life he reverted to his early love and again 
produced some beautiful examples of the art.
  Webster, Sumner, Choate, Prescott, Garrison, Jenny Lind, Horace Mann, 
Francis Parkman and Lyman Beecher are a few who sat before his 
daguerreotype camera.  One of the best likenesses of Webster in 
existence was taken as he was on his way to Bowdoin Square to deliver 
his famous Fugitive Slave Law address.  William Ellery Channing posed 
just before his death in 1842.  Rufus Choate, whose office was in the 
next building, hesitated to leave his clients even for the necessary 
fifteen minutes, but he finally came.  Jenny Lind and Otto Goldschmidt 
were taken just a few before days before their wedding.  One at least 
of the very few portraits of Donald McKay, the Canadian-born 
shipbuilder who became the pride of Boston and the United States stems 
from daguerreotypes by Hawes which are included in the current 
exhibition.
  If a present day photographer could have the same proportion of the 
important men of the time as his patrons, what could he not charge for 
his work?  In fact, what would he not charge?  Certainly not fifteen 
dollars.

--------------------------------------------------------------
Posted for your enjoyment.     Gary W. Ewer     
--------------------------------------------------------------
11-28-97


Return to: DagNews 1997

galleries society info what's new feedback
resources homepage search


Copyright 1996, The Daguerreian Society - http://www.daguerre.org